Knowledge of Prostate Cancer Among Male Patients in Urology Ward at Public Hospital
Background: Prostate cancer is the second most commonly occurring cancer in men and the fourth most commonly occurring cancer overall. In Malaysia, prostate cancer is a growing problem. This study assessed knowledge of prostate cancer among male patients in urology ward at public hospital, to determine the demographic factors among male patients in urology ward at public hospital and to identify the relationship between demographic factors with knowledge of prostate cancer among male patients in urology ward at public hospital. Method: This cross-sectional study was carried out with 206 male patients excluded patient who are already diagnosed with prostate cancer in urology ward 7C and 7D at Selayang Hospital who agreed to participate and were recruited on giving oral and written consent. Result: Majority 181 (87.90%) of respondents had a poor knowledge level of prostate cancer. Descriptive statistic analysis using one-way anova and independent T-test was done to determine the difference between level of knowledge and the demographic data on 206 respondents. Result shows that there is significantly difference between the level of knowledge and the demographic factors at the level of P-value 0.05. An analysis using chi-square/likelihood ratio test done to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge and the demographic factor was done, result shows that there is no significant relationship between the level of knowledge and the demographic factors among male patients in urology ward at public hospital. Conclusion: Male patients should have knowledge of prostate cancer to increase information on the risks of prostate cancer and the benefits of prostate cancer screening and prevention. Knowledge about prostate cancer in men will also increase the acceptance of early prostate cancer screening for prevention in the future as early treatment for a better care.
Keywords: prostate cancer, male patient, urology word, public hospital, knowledge