ILKKM Journal of Medical and Health Sciences http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig <p>This journal is a platform for scientific discussion among professionals work in ILKKM, Ministry of Health Malaysia and any interested parties to get their work published in international platform. The journal covers most of the medical and health sciences topics such as (but not limited to):</p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>Subtopics: Medical/ Nursing</strong> <ul> <li class="show">Anatomy and physiology</li> <li class="show">Medical/ Nursing Education and Research</li> <li class="show">Clinical Nursing</li> <li class="show">Psychiatric and Mental Health</li> <li class="show">Cancer &amp; Oncology</li> <li class="show">Women Health,&nbsp;Pregnancy &amp; Midwifery</li> <li class="show">Pediatric and Children Health</li> <li class="show">Dental</li> <li class="show">Advanced Practice in Medical and Global Perspectives</li> <li class="show">Hospital and Healthcare Management</li> </ul> </li> <li class="show"><strong>Subtopics: Occupational Therapy</strong> <ul> <li class="show">Ergonomics and Human Factor Engineering</li> <li class="show">Anthropometric and Healthy Design</li> <li class="show">Pediatric Therapy</li> </ul> </li> <li class="show"><strong>Subtopics: Medical Imaging</strong> <ul> <li class="show">Diagnostic Medical Imaging</li> <li class="show">Therapeutic Radiology</li> <li class="show">Medical Physics</li> <li class="show">Radiation Protection</li> </ul> </li> <li class="show"><strong>Subtopics: Physiotherapy</strong> <ul> <li class="show">Advancement in Physiotherapy Practice</li> <li class="show">Current Trend in Managing Obesity</li> <li class="show">Physiotherapy approaches in Paediatrics</li> <li class="show">Applied Ergonomic</li> <li class="show">Environmental Modifications in Geriatrics</li> <li class="show">Sports Rehabilitation</li> </ul> </li> <li class="show"><strong>Subtopics: Pharmacy</strong> <ul> <li class="show">Pharmacy Practice</li> <li class="show">Clinical Pharmacy</li> <li class="show">Pharmacoeconomics</li> <li class="show">Pharmacoepidemiology</li> <li class="show">Pharmacology &amp; Toxicology</li> <li class="show">Nuclear and Industrial Pharmacy</li> <li class="show">Nutraceuticals and Cosmetics</li> <li class="show">Halal Pharmaceuticals</li> <li class="show">Medical Biotechnology and Biotherapeutics</li> </ul> </li> <li class="show"><strong>GENERAL SUBTOPICS</strong> <ul> <li class="show">Public, environmental and occupational health</li> <li class="show">Community Health</li> <li class="show">Psychology&nbsp;in healthcare and education</li> <li class="show">Trends, Technologies and Practices in Healthcare</li> <li class="show">Education in Healthcare</li> <li class="show">Social and Administrative Healthcare</li> <li class="show">Risk Management in Healthcare and Public Health</li> <li class="show">Ethics and Legislation in Healthcare and Public Health</li> <li class="show">Syariah Compliance in Healthcare</li> </ul> </li> </ul> Research Interest Group (RIG) ILKKM Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia en-US ILKKM Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2682-7719 Knowledge And Attitude Among Parents Of Leukemia Children In Paediatric Oncology Ward At Public Hospital http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig/article/view/45 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Knowledge and attitude of parents is essential for leukemia children who is undergoing treatment. Therefore, it is important to identify parent’s knowledge and attitude regarding their child’s disease and treatment.<strong> Objective:</strong> This study is to identify knowledge and attitude of parents with leukemia children, to determine the demographic characteristics and its association between attitude and knowledge. <strong>Methods: </strong>Cross sectional study with interview session using questionnaire form. The calculation of sample size was done by using online Raosoft sample size calculator with a confidence interval of 95%, margin of error 5%, ±0.5 standard deviation. However, in view of possibility of missing data/drop-outs, we took the whole population, that is 77 parents.<strong> Findings: </strong>Seventy six of the parent’s (98.7%) shows good knowledge meanwhile for attitude, sixty eight parents has shown&nbsp; positive attitude, while the other 9 parent’s showed a negative attitude in comparison on their child’s disease and treatment. Association between the demographic data and knowledge of parents with leukemia children, there is a significant relationship between parent’s educational level with knowledge, where the p-value is 0.000 which is less than 0.05. Association between the demographic data and attitude of parents with leukemia children has significant association between child’s diagnosis with parent’s attitude with p-value 0.017. Furthermore, child’s treatment status also showed significant association with attitude of parents where, sixty one children’s are those who are still undergoing treatment, p- value is 0.016.</p> <p>Keywords: Parent’s knowledge, attitude, Leukemia children, paediatric oncology</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Anne Magdalene Savarimuthu Nor Farahana Nor Abidin Hayati Rahusin Parameswari Copyright (c) 2020 Nor Farahana Binti Nor Abidin, Hayati Binti Rahusin, Parameswari 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 1 1 14 Recurrent Malignant Pleural Effusion in Lung Cancer Adenocarcinoma patient http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig/article/view/55 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Pleural effusion is associated with diseases including malignancies, infections, autoimmune diseases and trauma. Carcinomas of the lung, breast and lymphomas frequently cause malignant pleural effusions. Lung adenocarcinoma is especially associated with malignant pleural effusion, indicating advanced stage disease or disease progression. This case reporting 61 years old, Malay lady was experienced symptoms of worsening shortness of breath, frequently coughing with whitish sputum and also complained unable to ambulate for long distance and inability to lie flat. On 22/10/2019, patient came to Lung Cancer Clinic as follow up. On examination noted that patient feeling of chest tightness and chest X-ray found evidence of recurrent pleural effusion. Ultrasound Guided thorax done with chest tube insertion done on 24/10/2019. Pleurodesis was done to prevent recurrent pleural effusion.</p> Nur Atiqah Abdul Muin Ros Idayu Mat Nawi Nurhayati Mohd Marzuki Copyright (c) 2020 Nur Atiqah Abdul Muin, Ros Idayu Mat Nawi, Nurhayati Mohd Marzuki 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 1 15 18 Recurrent Haemoptysis in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patient http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig/article/view/58 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">A 70-year-old female who presented with significant haemoptysis over a 7–14 days period. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">She had a history of a bilateral breast implant for 20 years .Prior for a “left lung collapse. “She subsequently had multiple episodes of cough, fevers, and possible a typical pneumonia TRO Pulmonary Effusion treated with antibiotic Augmentin .Review of her CTPA upon presentation to the hospital showed a severe reduction of left lung volume owing to the volume loss and dense fibrosis at left upper lobe. Presence of calcification within the parenchyma of left upper lobe likely related to previous infection. Collapsed consolidation affecting entire left lower lobe with presence of air bronchgram. There is no pleural effusion overall changes a left lung in favour of superimposed active infection in the background of scarring / chronic lung changes likely as a sequale previous infection. Bronchoscopy showed a multiple fragments of tissue lined by respiratory type epithelium, tumors infiltration is noted in 2 fragments. The tumors cells are large having round to avoid hyper chromatic nuclei and ample amount of eosinophilic cytoplasm. Endobronchial biopsies showed Non-small cell carcinoma with neuroendocrine features. This is a very interesting case of NSCLC which we suspect had a very slow progressive course secondary to the recurrent infection.</span></p> Isapia Lasake Ros Idayu Mat Nawi Nurhayati Mohd Marzuki Copyright (c) 2020 Isapia Lasake, Ros Idayu Mat Nawi, Nurhayati Mohd Marzuki 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 1 19 22 Knowledge of Prostate Cancer Among Male Patients in Urology Ward at Public Hospital http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig/article/view/44 <p>Abstract</p> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Prostate cancer is the second most commonly occurring cancer in men and the fourth most commonly occurring cancer overall. In Malaysia, prostate cancer is a growing problem. This study assessed knowledge of prostate cancer among male patients in urology ward at public hospital, to determine the demographic factors among male patients in urology ward at public hospital and to identify the relationship between demographic factors with knowledge of prostate cancer among male patients in urology ward at public hospital. <strong>Method: </strong>This cross-sectional study was carried out with 206 male patients excluded patient who are already diagnosed with prostate cancer in urology ward 7C and 7D at Selayang Hospital who agreed to participate and were recruited on giving oral and written consent. <strong>Result:</strong> Majority 181 (87.90%) of respondents had a poor knowledge level of prostate cancer. Descriptive statistic analysis using one-way anova and independent T-test was done to determine the difference between level of knowledge and the demographic data on 206 respondents. Result shows that there is significantly difference between the level of knowledge and the demographic factors at the level of P-value 0.05. An analysis using chi-square/likelihood ratio test done to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge and the demographic factor was done, result shows that there is no significant relationship between the level of knowledge and the demographic factors among male patients in urology ward at public hospital. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Male patients should have knowledge of prostate cancer to increase information on the risks of prostate cancer and the benefits of prostate cancer screening and prevention. Knowledge about prostate cancer in men will also increase the acceptance of early prostate cancer screening for prevention in the future as early treatment for a better care.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> prostate cancer, male patient, urology word, public hospital, knowledge</p> Ivy Hiew Norzila Rasid Nurafezza Aliah Nurul Zielawati Sahak Siti Nur Hafiza Abu Bakar Copyright (c) 2020 Ivy Hiew, Norzila Rasid, Nurafezza Aliah, Nurul Zielawati Sahak, Siti Nur Hafiza Abu Bakar 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 1 23 30 A Prevalence Of Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Among Lymphoma Patients Receiving Abvd And R Chop Chemotherapy At Hematology Unit In Public Hospital http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig/article/view/39 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) can be recognized as dysfunction of motor, sensory and or autonomic neurons, results in peripheral neuropathic signs and symptoms such as tingling, numbness and burning or shooting pain. CIPN often resulting in serious limitation in daily functioning since it is the main reason for reduction or discontinuation of therapy and symptoms are frequently disabling, and severely impact quality of life. <strong>Objective: </strong>To determine the demographics factor among lymphoma patient and identify the association between demographics characteristic with CIPN. <strong>Methods: C</strong>ross sectional study involving 100 respondents of Ampang Hospital. The studied was carried out in Haematology Department in Ampang Hospital from October 2019 until December 2019. Descriptive statistic was used to analyze the demographic factors and Independent T-Test for the research objective on identify the prevalence of CIPN among lymphoma patient. The statistical Chi Square analysis were used for objective in association between demographic characteristics with CIPN. <strong>Findings:</strong> There is no significant between CIPN and race, diagnosis, regime and age of the respondent in three scales (sensory, motor and autonomic) p&gt;0.05. Significant between CIPN and gender in autonomic scales, and cycles of chemotherapy in sensory and autonomic scales. There is equal proportion of CIPN in age, race, diagnosis, regime and cycles of chemotherapy in sensory, motor and autonomic p&gt;0.05, but the proportion of CIPN is different in gender (autonomic scales) p&lt;0.05.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords: Chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy, lymphoma, chemotherapy, haematology</em></p> Norhafiza Razali Nurul Alia Ahmad Salwa Md Salleh Nuryastika Asrulniza Surawani Abdul Rahman Copyright (c) 2020 Norhafiza Razali, Nurul Alia Ahmad, Salwa Md Salleh, Nuryastika Asrulniza, Surawani Abdul Rahman 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 1 31 35 Stress Among Parents Of Children With Cancer In Pediatric Oncology At Public Hospital http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig/article/view/59 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Children diagnosed with cancer have a significant impact not only on the patients, but also on the parents. Being parents of a child with cancer is a stressful experience. Therefore, the stress levels are measured to determine the contributing factor and overcome the stress.&nbsp; <strong>Objective: </strong>This study to determine the contributing factors and association between demographic characteristics with stress on parents of children with solid tumor cancer. <strong>Methodology</strong>: A cross-sectional study was conducted by using a standardized self-administered questionnaire at Paediatric Oncology Ward 10B, Women &amp; Children Hospital, Kuala Lumpur. Total of sample 79 parents on child with cancer was taken by using online Roasoft sample size calculator with a confidence interval 95% margin of error 5%, ±0.5 standard deviation and allowance 10% dropout off data. <strong>Findings:</strong> The finding showed that the contributing factor to parental stress is emotional distress with mean 47.3165. There is association between family income per year and length of illness with the stress among parents of child with cancer. Otherwise, there is no significant association between others demographic characteristics with the stress among parents on child with cancer.</p> Nurul Huda Yaakob Faezah Razali jasmira kamaruddin Copyright (c) 2020 Nurul Huda Yaakob, Faezah Razali, jasmira kamaruddin 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 2 1 36 40 Fatigue Level And Functional Status Among Thoracic Malignancy Patients Undergoing Oncological Treatment In Oncology Department At Tertiary Hospital http://rig.ilkkm.org.my/journal/index.php/rig/article/view/47 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Lung cancer had the commonest thoracic malignancies and a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Malaysia and worldwide. Fatigue is one of the common symptoms of cancer patients. Fatigue could be primary when it related to the tumor itself meanwhile it could be defined secondary if it was due to Oncological treatment. Severe and prolonged fatigue could interfere with the patient’s activity and could give a negative impact on the effectiveness of treatment. Changes in functional status in cancer patients could occur as a result of changes in the health status of patients with oncological treatment both physically and psychologically. Functional status was very important due to ways of the evaluation of the progress and impact of the management on oncological treatment in cancer patients. <strong>Objective</strong>: The primary objectives was to assess fatigue level and functional status among thoracic malignancy patient undergoing oncological treatment such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy and concurrent chemo radiation in oncology department at the tertiary hospital.&nbsp; <strong>Methods</strong>: This studied was a cross-sectional studied that used medical report and self-administered questionnaire. The population was n = 142.&nbsp; The sampling method&nbsp; used was an universal sampling. <strong>Result</strong>: The findings shows that there is no significant between fatigue level and functional status among thoracic malignancies patient undergoing oncological treatment since the p value was 0.431.It shows that there is no confounding factors influenced of fatigue level and functional status in thoracic malignancies patient undergoing oncological treatment. However the findings shows that age might be a confounding factors on fatigue level of the patients before and during treatment. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: As a conclusion, base on this study there was no association between fatigue level and functional status among thoracic malignancies patient’s undergoing oncological treatment. However, the age of patients may affect the fatigue level among them during their treatment.</p> Atirah Abdul Razak Nur Atiqah Abdul Muin Isapia Lasake Siti Sarah Basharuddin Copyright (c) 2020 Atirah Abdul Razak, Nur Atiqah Abdul Muin, Isapia Lasake, Siti Sarah Basharuddin 2020-02-18 2020-02-18 2 1 41 48